Neuroscience and Neurosurgery
What does neuroscience include?
Diseases included under this heading include those of the brain, spine and central nervous system, including peripheral nerves. They include such wide ranging conditions as arteriovenous malformations, epilepsy, brain tumours, spinal cord disorders, aneurysms, cavernomas and many more.
Treatment may involve surgery, radiotherapy, radiosurgery, proton therapy or a combination of these and other modalities.
Intraoperative MRI scanning
Advanced neurosurgery centres now offer intraoperative MRI to provide high-quality, detailed imaging which is viewable during surgery. By integrating this technology with the latest surgical techniques, the neurosurgeon can conduct scans during surgery.
This enables the surgeon to remove e.g. brain tumours more safely and precisely, especially around sensitive areas. It ensures maximum possible tumour removal whilst minimising removal of healthy tissue.
AVM (Arteriovenous Malformation)
Because of their sensitive locations and/or complex shapes AVMs (also known as arteriovascular malformations) can be too difficult and dangerous to operate upon.
Proton therapy is a high precision radiation treatment, using protons instead of X-ray beams. Unlike X-days, proton beams deposit most of their energy in the target with little passing beyond, so this greatly reduces the radiation exposure to adjacent organs.
This leaves some patients with little more than palliative care, partial paralysis and the danger of bleeds and complications at any time.
CyberKnife® radiosurgery is a relatively new option for AVM patients, including those with spinal AVM.
CyberKnife® uses a large number of high precision X-ray beams which can be moulded to the shape of the AVM. It can be applied in inaccessible areas where a surgeon would not be able to operate safely
Specialist treatments < Neuroscience and neurosurgery
University hospitals in the USA including New York (one of the top 3 hospitals in the USA for neurology and neurosurgery) and university and municipal hospitals in Germany.
Specialist centres for CyberKnife or particle (ion and/or proton) beam therapy
Leading university hospitals in Germany and the USA for both adult and paediatric neurosurgery.
University or private hospitals in Austria or major private hospitals in Switzerland.
Enquire now without commitment.
Acoustic neuroma is not a cancer, however the treatment of it by radiosurgery is very similar to that of a cancerous tumour.
Expert CyberKnife radiosurgery centres can treat acoustic neuromas very effectively without the need for open surgery or hospitalisation.
Trigeminal neuralgia is a very painful and debilitating condition, which can be treated by surgery, however there are risks in doing so.
Many patients prefer to opt for CyberKnife radiosurgery, which can very precisely target the nerve to be treated and reduce the risk of unwanted side effects.
CyberKnife is usually referred to in the media as a treatment methodology for cancer, but it is equally well suited to delicate neurosurgical procedures.
Paediatric neurosurgery as a separate speciality.
In most hospitals adults and children are treated in the same neurosurgery department. In children however the nervous system is still growing and developing, so in practice paediatric neurosurgery is different to adult neurosurgery in many ways.
We therefore work with a university hospital in Germany with its own prestigious Department of Paediactric Neurosurgery, where care can be given by doctors who specialise in treating children.
As with any area of treatment, it is only by seeing a large number of patients of a particular type that the the doctors develop the expertise to identify the rarer and more complex conditions and to develop the most effective treatments for them. This is after all the role of a university hospital.
Malformations of the nervous system and growth disorders of the cranial bonesoccur exclusively or initially in infancy or in childhood.
Also neurosurgical diseases which affect adults can have different characteristics in childhood, e.g. growing skull fractures, brain tumours and disorders of the cerebrospinal fluid circulation.
Conditions treated there include growth disorders such as craniosynostosis, dolichocephalus, trigonocephalus, hydrocephalus and occlusive hydrocephalus.
The pictures show the top view of a 4-month-old infant with markedly elongated head from dolichocephalus and 8 weeks after surgery, clearly showing the normalisation (widening) of the skull shape.